Mandating workplace drug testing
"In recent years, state and federal authorities have instituted efforts to more tightly control opiate prescribing in order to address the opioid crisis." "Quest Diagnostics Drug Testing Index™ Full year 2016 tables," Quest Diagnostics, Table 2, last accessed Nov. "Increases in Illicit Drugs, Including Cocaine, Drive Workforce Drug Positivity to Highest Rate in 12 Years, Quest Diagnostics Analysis Finds," Quest Diagnostics, May 16, 2017. Prevalence of Employee Drug Testing"The majority of human resource professionals surveyed in this brief study report that their organizations have a drug testing program; furthermore a majority of those respondents report some perceived benefits in reduced absenteeism and workers’ compensation claims, and increased worker productivity/performance.More than half of employers surveyed conduct drug tests on all job candidates, while only 29% do not conduct drug tests on any job candidates.In oral fluid, methamphetamines positivity increased 75 percent between 2013 (0.24%) and 2016 (0.42%)." "Quest Diagnostics Drug Testing Index™ Full year 2016 tables," Quest Diagnostics, Table 2, last accessed Nov. "Increases in Illicit Drugs, Including Cocaine, Drive Workforce Drug Positivity to Highest Rate in 12 Years, Quest Diagnostics Analysis Finds," Quest Diagnostics, May 16, 2017. Drug Test Positivity Rates for Heroin and Other Opiates Among US Workers Subject to Drug Testing"After four straight years of increases, in 2016, urine testing positivity for heroin, indicated by the presence of the 6-acetylmorphine (6-AM) metabolite, held steady in the general U. workforce and declined slightly among federally-mandated, safety-sensitive workers. Oxycodones have exhibited four consecutive years of declines, dropping 28 percent from 0.96 percent in 2012 to 0.69 percent in 2016.
This would vary depending upon the drugs being tested, collection and shipping fees, and Medical Review Officer (MRO) services.
"Although methamphetamine positivity in urine testing declined between 20, the positivity rate plateaued between 20, and has increased steadily since.
Between 20, it climbed 64 percent in the general U. workforce and 14 percent among federally-mandated, safety-sensitive workers.
Evidence from a Large Retail Chain," American Law and Economics Review (Cary, NC: American Law and Economics Association, August 23, 2008) , Vol. This was higher than among non-Hispanic white adults (6.9 percent). This was a higher percentage than among the 26-to-34 (10.3 percent), 35-to-49 (7.0 percent), and 50-to-64 (2.6 percent) age groups (Figure 2.3 and Table 2.2). Worker Substance Use and Workplace Policies and Programs (DHHS Publication No. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies, p. The prevalence of past month use of illicit drugs was lower among those with higher levels of education than those with less education (college graduate [5.7 percent] vs.
Fewer Hispanic adults (4.6 percent) reported past month marijuana use than non-Hispanic white adults who reported two or more races (Table 2.2). " Males were more likely than females to report past month illicit drug use (9.7 vs. Males accounted for about two thirds (6.4 million) of the workers who reported past month illicit drug use (Figure 2.4 and Table 2.2). less than high school [11.2 percent]) (Figure 2.6 and Table 2.3). Prevalence of Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse Among Full-Time Workers in the US" Approximately 3 million full-time workers (2.6 percent) aged 18 to 64 met the criteria for past year illicit drug dependence or abuse (Figure 2.3 and Table 2.4).
Evren; and Shelton, Laura , "Employee Drug Testing: Study Shows Improved Productivity and Attendance and Decreased Workers’ Compensation and Turnover," Journal of Global Drug Policy and Practice (2011), Volume 5, Issue 4, p. Fifty-eight percent of respondents indicated their organization conducted drug and/or alcohol screening, and this number jumped to 62% for respondents with organizations of more than 4,000 employees.